A woman of child-bearing age normally has a period that is month-to-month, with menstrual flow lasting from 2 to 7 days. In some women, menstrual bleeding may be irregular, occurring either intermittently or continuously throughout the month. This unusual bleeding pattern is frequently due to hormonal issues and has several potential causes. A few may be cause for anxiety, although most of these underlying problems are not serious. If you experience menstrual irregularity or prolonged bleeding, consult with your physician.
Noncancerous Uterine Growths
Menstrual flow that was constant or heavy might be caused by tumors in the uterus, fibroids that were called. These tumors form in the wall and can cause spotting through the cycle and heavy, painful periods. Another variety of growth that is benign, called a polyp, could form in the uterine lining and cause bleeding that is irregular or constant. Treatment with hormones regularly helps ease hemorrhage, but the best course of treatment is dependent upon the age of the girl and her plans for having kids in time to come.
In some women who use an intrauterine device spotting or irregular bleeding may occur throughout the cycle. That is more likely in users of copper-containing Intrauterine Devices, based on a newspaper in the May 2013 problem of "Contraception." Some girls may require if bleeding continues to contemplate IUD removal.
Endometrial cancer, uterine cancer, also called in infrequent instances, can trigger menstrual bleeding that is persistent or unusual. This form is most frequent in women over-age 55 who've entered menopause, but it can develop at any age. Other signs may include pelvic discomfort or pain while urinating or during sexual intercourse.
Occasionally, constant or spotting bleeding might be caused by an illness in the vagina or fallopian tubes throughout the menstrual cycle, particularly when the issue goes undetected and becomes acute.
Sometimes, a problem unrelated to the reproductive system could cause such a menstrual problem. For instance, a girl with a bleeding disorder might bleed through the entire month. Certain autoimmune diseases, for example systemic lupus erythematosus and a form of hypothyroidism called disorder, can also cause irregular or continuous bleeding, in addition to other symptoms. Some women with type 1 diabetes also have menstrual problems that may include prolonged bleeding, particularly between the ages of 20 and 30, according to a study printed in the April 2003 issue of "Diabetes treatment."